Abraham Maslow was born on April 1, 1908 in Brooklyn, New York. He was the eldest son among the seven children. His uneducated parents were Jewish immigrants from Russia
|Aleksandr Luria |
Aleksandr Romanovich Luria was an eminent Russian neurologist who studied the effect of brain injuries on various mental functions.
|Albert Bandura |
Albert Bandura was born on December 4, 1925, in Mundara, a small town in Alberta, Canada. He completed his undergraduate studies at the University of British Columbia. Shortly afterwards he came to the United States and earned his M.A. and Ph.D from the University of Iowa in 1952. While there, he was influenced by Kenneth Spence.
Alfred Binet was born on July 11, 1857 in Nice, France. He was the only child of a physician father and it was quite natural that Alfred intended to follow his footsteps.
|Alfred Adler |
Alfred Adler was born in Vienna, Austria on February 7, 1870. During the early decades of this century he originated the ideas which, to a large extent, have been incorporated in the mainstream of present-day theory and practice of psychology and psychopathology
|Carl Gustav Jung |
Carl Gustav Jung was born in Kesswil, Switzerland in the year 1875 and died 86 years later in 1961. He studied at Basel from 1895-1900 and then at Zurich where he received his M.D. in 1902.
|Carl R. Rogers|
Carl R. Rogers (1902 - 1987) is known as the father of client-centered therapy. He attempted to change the world of psychotherapy when he boldly claimed that psychoanalytic, experimental, and behavioral therapists were preventing their clients from ever reaching self-realization and self-growth due to their authoritive analysis.
Charlotte Buhler (1893 - 1974) was born in Berlin Germany on December 20, 1893 as the older of two children. She became interested in psychology at an early age as a means to explain the purpose of human existence.
|Edward Chance Tolman|
Edward Chance Tolman (1886 - 1959) was an American psychologist who made significant contributions to the studies of learning and motivation.
|Edward Lee Thorndike|
Edward Lee Thorndike was born in Williamsburg, Massachusetts, U.S.A., on August 31, 1874. He was son of a Methodist minister in Lowell. It was sheer industriousness & hard work, qualities ingrained in Thorndike at a young age that led him to attain great heights in psychological research.
Eric Berne was born May 10, 1910 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, as Leonard Bernstein the son of David Hiller Bernstein, MD, a general practitioner, and Sarah Gordon Bernstein, a professional writer and editor.
Erich Fromm, a psychoanalyst and social philosopher, was born on March 23rd, 1900 in Frankfurt, Germany. His family was very much religious, the orthodox Jews, but he later became what he called an 'atheistic mystic'.
|Erik Homberger Erikson|
Erik Homberger Erikson was born on June 15, 1902, in Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany. His parents were both Danish. His father was Protestant and mother Jewish. They had separated before his birth, and he was born when his mother was visiting friends in Germany.
George Kelly was born on April 28, 1905, on a farm near Perth, Kansas. He was the only child of Theodore and Elfleda Kelly. His father was originally a presbyterian minister who had taken up farming on his doctor's advice. His mother was a former school teacher.
|Gordon W. Allport|
Gordon W. Allport was born in Montezuma, Indiana on November 11, 1897. Son of a Scottish American doctor, he was the youngest of four brothers.
|Granville Stanley Hall|
Granville Stanley Hall was born on February 1, 1844 at a farm at Ashfield village near Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A. He was one of the few psychologists who gave early impetus and direction to the development of psychology in the United States.
Gregory Bateson was one of the most important social scientists of this century. He inspired several different models and approaches in the area of psychotherapy.
|Hans J. Eysenck|
Hans J. Eysenck was born in Berlin, Germany on March 4, 1916. His was a family of celebrities. His father Eduard Eysenck was a singer and an accomplished actor who specialized in comedy. His mother Ruth Eysenck, whose stage name was Helga Molander worked in silent films. They planned a glamorous career in the entertainment field for Hans, who played a small role in a motion picture in his childhood.
Hermann Ebbinghaus was born on January 24, 1850, in Bremen, a small place near Bonn, situated in Rhenish Prussia, Germany. His education was the usual as in Bremen. At the age of 17, he entered the University of Bonn, where he developed interest in Philosophy. However, his studies were temporarily interrupted in 1870 at the outbreak of the Franco-Prussian War, when he enlisted in the Prussian army.
Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist, born in 1884 in Zurich. His father was a painter and Hermann considered the same career before he made up his mind for psychiatry, which he learnt at Eugen Bleuler?s clinic in Zurich.
Hugo Munsterberg is a pioneer in the fields of Industrial (I/O), Experimental, and Clinical Psychology. Also, he championed behaviorism, investigated the value of prayer, and challenged the effectiveness of eye witness testimonies. He was a famous Harvard professor who helped redefine Wundtian psychology into its modern form. However, the last years of his life were spent in stress and sorrow, and today, he is barely ackowledged.
Ivan Pavlov was born in 1849 in a small village, Ryazan in Central Russia. His father was a village priest and his mother, the daughter of a priest. Both his parents had to work hard all day in the fields, as peasants, to earn a living. Since Ivan was the oldest amongst 11 children, he shouldered a great responsibility and worked very hard.
|James McKeen Cattell|
James McKeen Cattell was very influential in psychology as an organizer, executive, and administrator of psychological science and practice, and as a vocal link between psychology and the larger scientific community. He studied under William Wundt, and was a leading American Psychologist.
Jean Piaget was born in Neuchatel, Switzerland, on August 9, 1896. His father, Arthur Piaget, was a professor of medieval literature with an interest in local history. His mother, Rebecca Jackson, was intelligent and energetic, but Jean found her a bit neurotic -- an impression that he said led to his interest in psychology, but away from pathology!
|John Broadus Watson|
The major contribution of John B. Watson is his redefinition of psychology from the science of the mind to the science of behavior. He became famous for his views on behaviorism. He was a man of change. He constantly modified and revised his perspective of himself.
|Jozef M. Nuttin|
Jef Nuttin (born in Brugge, 1933) received a Master's degree in psychology from the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Belgium) in 1957, followed by a Ph.D. degree from the same university (1959).
Konrad Lorenz was born on November 7, 1903 in Austria. As a little boy, he loved animals and collected a variety of them. He had fish, dogs, monkeys, insects, ducks, and geese. His interest in animal behavior was intense.
|Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934)|
It has been said of the Russian psychologist Lev Semyonovich Vygotsky that he possessed a Mozartian genius, yet he lived in a time and place that was not receptive to Mozarts.
Max Wertheimer was born in Prague, Germany on April 15, 1880. He attended the Neustadter Gymnasium in Prague between 1890 to 1898. During his adolescence, Wertheimer played the violin, composed symphonic and chamber music and seemed destined to become a musician.
Sigmund Freud was born on 6th May, 1856 in Freibergy Morvia. His father Jacob was a merchant and his mother Amelia (3rd wife of Jacob) who called him "My Golden Sigi". From his father Freud inherited his sense of humor, shrewd skepticism, liverism and thinking and "sentimentalism" from his mother
|Sir Francis Galton|
Francis Galton was born at the Larches near Sparbrook, Birmingham on February 16, 1822 and died in 1911. He is best known for his pioneering work on human intelligence. He also earned the reputation of being a great explorer and anthropologist and was elevated to Knighthood in 1909.
|Skinner B. F.|
B. F. Skinner was born March 20, 1904 in Pennsylvania. He attended Hamilton College in Clinton, NY and received his undergraduate degree in English Literature. While at Hamilton college he took no courses in Psychology. After graduation he tried writing in which he found no reward, and instead attended Harvard University for graduate school in Psychology. He remained there for five years after he received his degree and conducted research "designed to identify basic laws in the behavior of organisms".
Thomas Hobbes was born at Westport, adjoining Malmesbury in Wiltshire, on April 5, 1588. Hobbes led a sheltered and leisured life. His education was provided for by an uncle, a solid tradesman and alderman of Malmesbury. He was already a good Latin and Greek scholar when, not yet fifteen, he was sent to Magdalen Hall, Oxford.
Viktor Frankl was born in Vienna on March 26, 1905. His father, Gabriel Frankl, was a strong, disciplined man from Moravia who worked his way from government stenographer to become the director of the Ministry of Social Service. His mother, Elsa Frankl (nйe Lion), was more tenderhearted, a pious woman from Prague
Wilhelm Wundt was born on August 16, 1832 in a small village, Nekarau, near Mannheim, Beden, Germany. He was the son of a Lutheran Clergyman. He was a solitary child. He shunned the games of children in favor of books and study.
James was born with a silver spoon on January 11, 1842 in New York City. James' family was cosmopolitan and deeply religious. His father Henry James, Sr. was a Swedenborgian theologian. His father doted on all the five children. He was well connected to the contemporary literary and philosophical luminaries. He often took his family to Europe.
Wolfgang Kohler was born in Reval in the Baltic provinces, Estonia, to German parents. When he was six-year-old, his family moved to Germany and settled in Wolfenbutell.